May 2020 Newsletter
During May there was one volunteer trip to Motuihe using a water taxi. Nine of our regular leaders used the trip to prepare for the winter planting season.
The next volunteer days are:
Sunday 12 July
Sunday 26 July
Currently there is no potting mix on the island so work in the nursery is limited. Also our planting season is on hold at the moment while DoC carries out an archaeological audit. So weeding and maybe seed collection are the main tasks until these two issues are resolved. It is a very fluid situation so activities will change weekly. We are using water taxis so you have to be agile enough to wade out to a boat and climb a ladder. Despite all these obstacles, if you would like to join a volunteer team, please email Fiona at email@example.com.
HAPPY 20TH ANNIVERSARY MOTUIHE TRUST
Managing the stock
Dogs were not allowed to land on Motuihe so we managed our stock movement by persuading them that the sound “Coomm oonn” meant an open gate to fresh new grass. We barged and trucked weaners onto Motuihe as they were light and wouldn’t pug the ground as much as heavier cattle. They were young and learned good habits quickly making it possible to move them with minimal effort. As Honorary Warranted Officer for DoC, Terry was still able to attempt to keep dogs off the island, among his other unpaid duties His appointment was rolled over for another three years on 12th Dec 2001.
Sheep were also trucked on as a grazing tool. We farmed Romney Finnish Landrace sheep having good feet for the winter months of wet clay muddy terrain and threw mostly twins and often triplet lambs. These followed the cattle in an ideal situation keeping the farm looking tidy. Unfortunately by the time we started, the fencing needed attention with sheep regularly getting into areas we didn’t want them. Sheep needed shearing and we went north to purchase the extras required at the Motuihe shearing shed. We found a man called Tony who came over and sheared with Terry, usually staying 3 nights happily shearing, fishing and enjoying the Kiosk hospitality and we the company. Sheep need a lot of help, foot bath, flystrike, dagging, crutching, facial eczema etc
Grazing, prior to mowing the headland before camping season started, was an ongoing event. Cattle were enthusiastic, walking sedately along the road until going through the open gate from the house paddock. There, encouraged by the promise of new pastures their gait suddenly changed as they kicked their back legs up and galloped off down the hill. This had to be undertaken when there was little likelihood of casual boating visitors as they were growing and fast. The beach and foreshore were an interesting diversion and some would always head off to investigate. It could take some time and effort, involved much shouting, but Mike, Terry and I managed to get them up the road and safely shut into whichever paddock they had to start on.
Kaha & Waewae: The day of Kakariki.
What a privilege! Here I am, having just finished a degree focused on New Zealand conservation only to find out my application for a summer position on the predator-free island of Motuihe has been successful. This was truly a moment of awe, like an instant confirmation that the hard work was paying off.
On the 11th of November 2019, just one week after finishing university I found myself on the majestic island of Motuihe. After meeting with my co-worker Steph, she and I were inducted by the head of the Motuihe Trust – John Laurence. John walked with Steph and I over the island and showed us some of the amazing places such as the Tieke track. Here we soon spotted some of the rare endemic species present on Motuihe such as Popokatea, Tieke, and even the impressive Tuatara. After the Tieke track we walked to the highest point- the trig tower, it was here that the hard work of the Trust and countless volunteers became abundantly clear. Looking out over Motuihe, nearly half a million plants grown and planted by the Trust became visible. This was a truly great and humbling sight, there it was, proof, that when people work together a damaged and degraded ecosystem can be kick-started back into life.
Our job here was to safeguard all this amazing work from invasive plant species, namely Moth plant and woolly nightshade. Which, if left unchecked would damage the existing native canopy and out-compete young native plants.
Due to the importance of this work, Steph and I were given a week-long induction by two professional weed contractors, Steve and Michael. This first week was mentally and physically challenging, with the landscape forever changing from large canopies, to pioneer canopies at shoulder height, to open fields with small plantings. The difficult nature of finding two specific species in a forest system had me thinking back to a lecturer of mine with gratitude- Debashis, for it was this knowledge and passion of plant ID that allowed me to excel. Although this first week was high paced and challenging, over the next four months I only gained respect for that first week as it was the perfect introduction to a hard but vital job.
After a couple of weeks, I settled into the role and my confidence grew. A normal working day on Motuihe started around 6:30 to 7:30. We would start by first gathering our gear, which included a belt with secateurs, GPS, and a silky saw attached. From here, we grabbed our gloves and safety glasses.
Our days would see us controlling pest plants for the first six or so hours of the day before a well-deserved lunch. After lunch in the main heat, we would spend a couple of hours doing nursery work, such as seed collection, weeding, and pricking out young plants to be re-potted. Once the main heat had passed and depending on how the day had gone, a few more hours controlling moth and nightshade would take place.
As mentioned earlier, after a couple of weeks I settled in and this became my new normal. But on the 6th of February 2020, a normal day became anything but normal. I made my way down to the wharf to collect and meet up with Stuart, a senior trustee. Stuart and I then went out and continued controlling moth plant from around 11 o’clock to 2 o’clock. But a simple phone call is where our day began to change, Stuart’s wife Denise was calling from the Tieke track. We were told a bad smell was present just off the track, so off we went. As we approached, our search led us to a tree hollow being used as a nest. Unfortunately, what we discovered was a very small deceased Kakariki chick, perhaps only a few days old. We decided to remove the bird in the hope the hollow would be used again as a nest. We then noticed some movement from a tracking tunnel directly below the tree hollow. Attempting to hide was another slightly older Kakariki but this time, alive! Due to the likelihood of the chick perishing, we decided to call DoC and ask permission to uplift the bird. With a keen response from DoC, I went and grabbed a bucket and towel. After walking the chick back to the woolshed, I placed it in a quiet corner. Next I was put in touch with the wonderful people from ‘NZ bird rescue Charitable Trust’. With their advice, I made up a fruity sugary water mix. After a bit of determination, the little Kakariki began to drink, and it instantly pepped up. The intense nature of its eye contact left me with a strong feeling that this bird wanted to live. Due to this intensity combined with the hardship of losing its sibling, I began to call this little one ‘Kaha’, reflecting its strength. With little Kaha fed, I placed him back in a quiet place and left to carry on my day. But only ten meters from the woolshed, flapping around on the ground at the base of a large pohutukawa tree was another older Kakariki. This bird was clearly injured and was having trouble with its legs and wings. I brought it inside, gave it a drink, and placed in next to Kaha. I then called DoC and the bird rescue to add another Kakariki to the upcoming boat. The next day I said goodbye to Kaha and the other Kakariki that I had given the name Waewae as they left for treatment.
Unfortunately, Waewae passed away upon arrival due to a broken spine. But fortunately, little Kaha who was estimated around ten days old was excelling. Three and a half months later, Kaha is strong and ready for release. Everything aligned and on Monday the 25th of May, I returned to the beautiful island of Motuihe to soft release Kaha. This was an amazing experience in which I was privileged to feed, water, and spend time with such a special endemic species. Over the five days I monitored Kaha with a trail cam and on the second and third day we saw what we were hoping for. Two other Kakariki came to Kaha’s crate for a short visit. On the fourth day, due to the video evidence and beautiful weather, we came full circle and returned Kaha to the wild. Later that day I saw a beautiful site of Kaha flying with another Kakariki, we will continue to help with Kaha’s transition by providing food at the release site and we look forward to Kaha contributing to the growing population on Motuihe.
Kaha above and a kakariki on Motuihe
Heritage continues to be upgraded on our website. check out the new von Luckner page
Butterflies on Motuihe
Ever had that issue with the teenagers eating you out of house and home? An issue solved only after you have bought them a house three doors down from KFC. Well monarch butterflies are much the same when they lay their eggs on swan plants with their toxic sap rather than the nectar producing flowers in the garden. Why have those caterpillars devastated the very plants that supply you with sweet nectar?
Motuihe Island has similar activity.
During the summer, as you have walked up to the wool shed, have you ever noticed small orange butterflies hovering about the muehlenbeckia? Muehlenbeckia astonia or Wirebrush is that small leaved plant scrambling up and over the taller native plants.
New Zealand does not have many butterflies. We have moths. However the colours of those few butterflies we do have compensate with their vibrant colours. It is the Coastal Copper butterfly (Lycaena salustius ) that you will see laying its eggs on the muehlenbeckia.
Note: Just as New Zealand has few butterflies many New Zealand plants do not have much need to produce flamboyant flowers to attract butterflies. Moths are the more active pollinators and many trees have insignificant flower displays.
However there are exceptions and on Motuihe it is the Koromiko (Hebe stricta) with its large white flower spikes. It can be found at the junction with Tieke Track and around the wool shed. Over the years we have also planted koromiko across the island. It is on koromiko that the butterflies will be finding nectar.
Coastal copper butterfly Koromiko Muehlenbeckia
Kiosk Report Summer 2019 / 20
Sam Gambling from DOC provided much appreciated support co-ordinating transport for Kiosk volunteers to and from the Island – with the wharf closed we lost the daily Red Boat service that Kiosk volunteers were able to utilise the previous summer - this meant daily Kiosk volunteers were not able to participate.
With no permanent DOC ranger on the Island over the summer it was great to have Josh Clarke and Stephanie Loughnan resident on the Island working as Summer Contractors for Motuihe Trust and Liki and Rudi who were on the island regularly as volunteer Ranger cover – they provided great support to Kiosk Volunteers and were on hand to man the Kiosk on occasions when volunteers were not available.
Early in the summer the prevailing south west winds impacted visitor numbers to the Island – winds > 15 knots often on weekends kept the smaller family boats away. With the arrival of Covid-19 the island was closed down – unfortunately this coincided with beautiful late summer early autumn conditions which we and the fauna on the Island have been able to enjoy in isolation. The record visitor and sales day was Sunday 12 Jan anchored by Jill Bishop and her 3G experienced team.
For reasons outlined above and based on a correlation to sales I estimate that up until Sun 8 March we had approx. 3,800 visitors into the kiosk versus 5,400 for the same period last year. Kiosk volunteers cover a range of tasks – providing information about the Island to visitors, assisting campers, and keeping an eye on things – birds nesting on the beaches – dog incursions – one day Liki’s first customer arrived at the kiosk with her large golden Lab in tow!
As word spreads about what Motuihe has to offer – Bush Walks, Beaches, Camping and extensive range of native birds and Tuatara on show many more people are enjoying exploring the Island especially the Tieke Track.
All systems worked well in the kiosk – solar powered freezer and eftpos machine - the kiosk received a well overdue spruce up prior to Christmas and Lois coordinated a revamped presentation of information in the kiosk inclusive new material which attracted the interest of many visitors.
Hopefully prior to next summer some of the challenges we faced this year with the wharf and volunteer house closures will be resolved and in 6 months’ time we will once again be looking for volunteers for summer 2020/2021
Thank you for volunteering for kiosk duty over this last summer your input is greatly appreciated by the Trust and visitors to the Island - the friendly reception that visitors experience when they visit the kiosk makes for a great day out.
Sunday 24 May Leaders' Water Taxi Trip